Sunday, June 16, 2013


Salaam all,
OdAAoo rabbakum tadarruAAan wakhufyatan innahu la yuhibbu almuAAtadeena
The Aya says:
Supplicate to your (plural) Nurturing Lord pleadingly, inlcuding discretely. He indeed does not love the transgressors of boundaries.
My personal note:

The WAW that comes between Tadarruan = pleadingly and KHUFYATAN = discretely can be understood in two ways that are not mutually exclusive in this context:

1- That one is included in the other. Here, the pleading can be discrete and can be non discrete and so it mentions the discreteness specifically to let us know that Allah listens to our most secret supplication and out most silent of them.
2- It could also be understood as mentioning two distinct forms of supplication. If so then the pleadingly would be understood as non discrete and the discrete as discrete. In this case, it says that whatever the form of asking, it will be heard and answered.

The two ways of understanding generally lead to the same conclusion or to very close conclusions.

The Aya ends up with the important statement that says” Indeed, Allah does not love the transgressors of boundaries”. It is a reminder to us that we should be aware of the boundaries of what is appropriate and what is beyond the boundaries of appropriate when it comes to supplication, including asking for harm to someone who does not deserve the harm or in excess to what he or she deserves. With that one is safer not supplicate against others unless he or she is sure not to cross those boundaries.
Translation of the transliterated words:

OdAAoo: call upon/ supplicate
Note: ODAAoo is derived from the root D-Ain-Y and it means calling as in calling someone for help or otherwise. ODAAoo is an order addressed to a group. It means: the Call upon / supplicate to

rabbakum: your (plural) nurturing Lord
Note: RABBAKUM is derived from the root R-B-B and it means nurturing and Lordship as two components of the meaning that can be present together or one at a time according to the context of the sentence. RABBA is nurturing Lord of. KUM means plural you.
tadarruAAan : pleadingly
the root is Dhad-R-Ain and it carries in the concrete the feeling of weakness and awareness of weakness and need. One concrete meaning is the breast feeding infant and so he is pleading and is in great need for the milk. Also, the fact that the breast milk will provide food that is only adequate to the very young and therefore not sufficient. Conceptually, it is used for people who know their great need and are asking with humility and with pleading. It is also conceptually used for situation where the need is great and the supply is meager. TADARRuAAN means pleading.
WAKHUFYATAN: including secretly/ silently/ imperceptibly/ discretely
Note: WA is a letter that links what is before with what is after. This link is through inclusion, either one is included in the other or they are all included in the bigger sentence or bigger picture. KHUFYATAN, the root is KH-F-W or KH-F-Yand it means hidden. It also can mean unhidden at other times depending on the sentence. KHUFYATAN means hidden way and that is if done secretly, silently or imperceptibly by others.
Innahu: He indeed
la: not
Yuhibbu: loves/ like
Note: the root is Ha-B-B and it means in concrete seed. This word also means love. As if the seed is the product of love or the love will end up in a seed. YUHIBBU is an action that is derived from the root and that is being completed or will be completed. It means: the action of loving is happening or will be happening by the subject (third person singular pointing to Allah) of the object (ALMUFSIDEEN= the ones who cause damage/ harm). LA YUHIBBU means: He does not love.
almuAAtadeena: the aggressors/ the ones who overstep boundaries
Note: ALMuAATADEEN is derived from the root Ain-D-W and it means running or overstepping boundaries since the running is a form of overstepping a boundary. Conceptually, it is also used to point to animosity since animosity stems from overstepping boundaries or enemies overstep boundaries of each other. ALMuAATADEEN are the aggressors or the ones who overstep boundaries.
Salaam all and have a great day

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