وَإِذْ قَالُواْ اللَّهُمَّ إِن كَانَ هَـذَا هُوَ الْحَقَّ مِنْ عِندِكَ فَأَمْطِرْ عَلَيْنَا حِجَارَةً مِّنَ السَّمَاء أَوِ ائْتِنَا بِعَذَابٍ أَلِيمٍ
Waith qaloo allahumma in kana hatha huwa alhaqqa min AAindika faamtir AAalayna hijaratan mina alssamai awi itina biAAathabin aleemin
And as they said: “Oh Allah if this is the truth from you then rain down on us rocks/ stones from the sky or bring us painful suffering”
Here they continue with the challenges to the message by asking what they cannot deal with once it comes. It points to their arrogance mixed with their ignorance.
Waith: and as
Qaloo: they said/ they communicated
Note: QALOO is derived from the root Qaf-W-L and it means saying in any way possible. QALOO is an action that is completed that is derived from the root. It means the action of saying happened by the subject (third person plural). This, in turn means: They said/ communicated.
Allahumma: O Allah
Kana: was/ happened to be
Note: the root is K-W-N and it means being. KANA is an action that is completed that is derived from the root. It means: the action of being happened by the subject (third personal singular or plural). This in turn means: He/ they was or He/ they happened to be
Huwa: he/ it
Alhaqqa: the truth/ the binding truth
Note: ALHAQQA is derived from the root Ha-Qaf-Qaf and it means binding right where right means correct as well s what is due to one person (rights and obligations). ALHAQQ is binding right or binding truth or just right as the context suggests here.
AAindika: at yours
Faamtir: then rain/ then drop
Note: FA means then or therefore or so. AMTIR is derived from the root M-TTA- R and it means rain and it can be extended to anything that comes down from the sky. AMTIR is an a request or order addressing a singular. It means: make rain fall or drop.
Hijaratan: stones/ rocks
Note: Hajar means stone or rock. The root is HA-J-R and it means to prevent/to make barrier, probably because stones make a good barrier. Derivatives of the root can also mean room/house since the house is the rock of the person (The place that is protected the most or the place that needs to be protected the most). HIJARATAN means the rocks or stones.
Alssamai: the sky
Note: the root is S-M-W and it means rising. This word is used to mean many things that are related to that meaning. One of the meanings is name because when a person’s name is called, he or she would rise and respond. ALSSAMAI is the above or what is above, that is the sky or the heaven or any entity from the atmosphere to beyond that
Itina: come to us/ bring us
Note: ITINA is derived from the root Hamza-T-Y and it means in concrete the water that comes from the rain of another land. In concrete it means the coming of something or someone with many of it’s implications. ITINA is an order or a request addressed to a singular. It means: bring us or or come to us.
Note: BI signifies an attachment or close linkage between what is before and what is after it. In a Verbal sentence it can mean attachment to the action or to the subject as it does the action. This attachment can then signify many things according to the verb and to the sentence and so on. In here it gives an object to an Arabic verb that does not usually have an object (The verb ITINA). AAaTHAB is derived from the root Ain-TH-B and it means an easy to swallow food or drink. AAaTHAB is what makes one not take an easy to swallow food or drink. That is suffering.
Note: the root is Hamza-L-M and it means pain. ALEEMIN means painful.