فَكُلُواْ مِمَّا غَنِمْتُمْ حَلاَلاً طَيِّبًا وَاتَّقُواْ اللّهَ إِنَّ اللّهَ غَفُورٌ رَّحِيمٌ
Fakuloo mimma ghanimtum halalan tayyiban waittaqoo Allaha inna Allaha ghafoorun raheemun
The Aya says:
Therefore eat from what you have acquired, permitted, good and be mindful of Allah. Indeed, Allah is forgiving, merciful.
My personal note:
The Aya continues after it admonished the muslims for taking the prisoners of war and asking for their ransom. It continues that Allah now allowed them to benefit from the ransom and gains that they acquired and therefore they become permitted and good for them to use. It also reminded them that Allah is always forgiving merciful and graceful for most of our transgressions.
Translation of the transliterated words:
Fakuloo: then eat
Note: FA means then or therefore or so. KULOO is derived from the root Hamza-K-L and it means eating. This will then take different meanings depending on the different planes of thought that a person has. KULOO is an order or request addressed to a group. It means: Eat.
Mimma: from what/ of what
Ghanimtum: you (plural) gained/ acquired
Note: the root is GHAIN-N-M and it means sheep. Conceptually it is also used to point to success and gain and acquisition. GHANIMTUM is an action that is completed. It means: the action of gaining or acquiring happened by the subject (second person plural).
Halalan: permitted/ good /allowed
Note: The root is Ha-L-L and it means settling. Conceptually, this settling can be in time or place of quality as in settling or solving a problem, a knot and it can extend to acceptable or enjoined words or deeds. This sentence gives the context of acceptable or enjoined or allowed. HALAL means permitted or allowed or good.
Note: the root is Ta-Y-B and it means good and leads to goodness. The term is used for anything that is good and leads to good results. TAYYIBAN is the good who does good or just the doer of good.
Waittaqoo: and be mindful/ and be conscious of/ and act consciously of
Note: WA is a letter that links what is before with what is after. This link is through inclusion, either one is included in the other or they are all included in the bigger sentence or bigger picture. WA is often translated as an addition (and), but inclusion probably covers the meaning a little better. ITTAQOO is derived from the root W-Qaf-W and it means guarding or protecting. Since the best way to guard is through consciousness and action according to consciousness. ITTAQOO is an order or a request addressed to a group. It means: be mindful/ act while conscious or act mindfully.
Ghafoorun: forgiving/ provider of protective cover/ protectively covering
Note: the root is GH-F-R and it means covering for protection. The concrete word is the helmet of the fighter. GHAFOORUN is the one that covers to protect. This, in turn means protection from committing the sin and protection from the consequences of sin, which also means forgiving
Note: the root is R-Ha-M and it means womb in concrete. This term is used to mean mercy and all the good that the womb provides. RAHEEM is the one with the womb-like mercy.
Salaam all and have a great day