اشْتَرَوْاْ بِآيَاتِ اللّهِ ثَمَنًا قَلِيلاً فَصَدُّواْ عَن سَبِيلِهِ إِنَّهُمْ سَاء مَا كَانُواْ يَعْمَلُونَ
Ishtaraw biayati Allahi thamanan qaleelan fasaddoo AAan sabeelihi innahum saa ma kanoo yaAAmaloona
They sold Allah’s signs for a cheap price, so they made obstacles to Allah’s path. Indeed, ugly is what they happened to do.
The Aya points out that when we trade the truth for falsehood and make obstacles for His path, it is a losing game and we are the ultimate losers.
Ishtaraw: they bought
Note: the root is SH-R-Y or SH-R-W and it means selling something to get something in return or buying something and paying with something else or taking something and giving in return something else. ISHTARAWOO is an action that is completed. It means: the action of taking an object (thamanan= a price) in exchange for (AYATI ALLAHI= Allah’s signs) happened by the subject (third person plural).
biayati: in signs of
Note: BI signifies an attachment or close linkage between what is before and what is after it. In a Verbal sentence it can mean attachment to the action or to the subject as it does the action. This attachment can then signify many things according to the verb and to the sentence and so on. AYAT is derived from the root Hamza-Y-H and it means sign. AYATI means signs of.
Thamanan: a price
Note: the root is TH-M-N and it means eight as the number eight. This is the concrete and for the abstract it is used to mean price or at times pricey.
Qaleelan: a little/ cheap
Note: the root is Qaf-L-L and it means becoming few in quality or quantity. QALEELAN is little or few in quality and in quantity.
Fasaddoo: so they made obstacles/ so the blocked
Note: FA means therefore or so or then. SADDOO is derived from the root Sad-D-D and it means in concrete when the clapping of the hands or the expression of puss when the skin is squeezed opposite itself. Therefore, the concept carries the meaning of something opposite something or something blocking something or tightening on something as in squeezing it and making it difficult to proceed. SADDOO is an action that is completed. It means: the action of blocking or making obstacles happened by the subject (third person plural).
sabeelihi: his path
Note: the root is S-B-L and it means and it means flowing water from the falling rain from the sky to the flowing water in the river and so forth. This is the concrete and the other uses are related as in path, which allows the flow, to soft flowing hair and so forth. SABEELI is the flowing water or the path of. It takes the meaning of path or even the trip on the path. HI means him and it points to Allah.
Innahum: they indeed
Saa: was ugly/ was bad/ happened to be ugly/ bad
Note: the root is S-Y-Hamza or S-W-HAMZA and it means hated word or deed or something. It can also conceptually mean ugly or vulnerable. All the meanings are linked somehow by one concept. This word then means different things according to the plane of thought that is being talked about. SAA is an action that is completed. It means: the action of becoming bad or ugly happened by the subject (MA= what)
Kanoo: they were/ happened to be/ they used to
Note: the root is K-W-N and it means being. KANOO is an action that is completed that is derived from the root. It means: the action of being happened by the subject (third personal plural). This in turn means: they were/ they happened to be.
yaAAmaloona: they do/ to do
Note: the root is Ain-M-L and it means doing or work. YaAAaMALOONA is an action that is being completed or will be completed. It means: the action of doing or making is happening or will be happening by the subject (third person plural).