Friday, May 05, 2017

9:21

Salaam all,

9:21
يُبَشِّرُهُمْ رَبُّهُم بِرَحْمَةٍ مِّنْهُ وَرِضْوَانٍ وَجَنَّاتٍ لَّهُمْ فِيهَا نَعِيمٌ مُّقِيمٌ
Yubashshiruhum rabbuhum birahmatin minhu waridwanin wajannatin lahum feeha naAAeemun muqeemun

The Aya says:
Their nurturing Lord brings them glad tidings of Grace from Him as well as loving acceptance and Gardens in which belongs to them, pleasant living that is staying.

My personal note:
It is self-explanatory here really.

Translation of the transliterated words:
Yubashshiruhum: He brings them glad tidings
Note: YUBASHSHIR is derived from the root B-SH-R and it means the outer skin of people. This is also a sign of beauty and good news in the abstract. YUBASHSHIR is an action that is happening or will be happening. It means the action of bringing glad tidings to the object (HUM= them) will be made to happen by the subject (3rd person singular).

rabbuhum: Their nurturing lord
Note: the root is R-B-B and it means nurturing and Lordship as two components of the meaning that can be present together or one at a time according to the context of the sentence. RABBU is nurturing Lord of. HUM means them.
Birahmatin: by Mercy/ grace/ with Mercy/ grace
Note: BI signifies an attachment or close linkage between what is before and what is after it. In a Verbal sentence it can mean attachment to the action or to the subject as it does the action. This attachment can then signify many things according to the verb and to the sentence and so on. Rahmatin is derived from the root R-Ha-M and it means womb in concrete. This term is used to mean mercy and all the good that the womb provides. RAHMATIN is the womb-like mercy or grace.

Minhu: From him
Waridwanin: And loving acceptance
Note: WA is a letter that links what is before with what is after. This link is through inclusion, either one is included in the other or they are all included in the bigger sentence or bigger picture. WA is often translated as an addition (and), but inclusion probably covers the meaning a little better. RIDWANIN is derived from the root R-Dhad-Y and it means accepting lovingly. RIDWANIN means loving acceptingly or loving acceptance.
Wajannatin: And gardens
Note: WA is a letter that links what is before with what is after. This link is through inclusion, either one is included in the other or they are all included in the bigger sentence or bigger picture. WA is often translated as an addition (and), but inclusion probably covers the meaning a little better. JANNATIN is derived from the root J-N-N and it means hidden or hiding. It is therefore used to mean darkness because it hides as well as garden because gardens can be hidden or because it has less light than the place out in the sun for the Arabs of the desert. JANNATIN means: gardens.
Lahum: To them belongs
Feeha: In it/in her
naAAeemun: Pleasant living/ easy living
Note: the root is root N-Ain-M and it means soft in the concrete sense. In abstract, it means anything that can be understood as soft as in soft to touch and soft in treatment and soft life as in a life that does not have much hardship. NaAAeeMUN means life that is easy and pleasant and enjoyable
Muqeemun: staying/ upright
Note: the root is the root Qaf-W-M and it means standing upright or standing. The upright can be in all planes of position and for a horizontal dimension it means straight. MUQEEMUN means literally making upright and in this context, it points to staying correct and unchanging all the time.

Salaam all and have a great day

Hussein



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