Tuesday, May 02, 2017

9:20

Salaam all,

9:20
الَّذِينَ آمَنُواْ وَهَاجَرُواْ وَجَاهَدُواْ فِي سَبِيلِ اللّهِ بِأَمْوَالِهِمْ وَأَنفُسِهِمْ أَعْظَمُ دَرَجَةً عِندَ اللّهِ وَأُوْلَئِكَ هُمُ الْفَائِزُونَ
Allatheena amanoo wahajaroo wajahadoo fee sabeeli Allahi biamwalihim waanfusihim aAAthamu darajatan AAinda Allahi waolaika humu alfaizoona
The Aya says:
Those who attained Faith and migrated and exerted effort through their money and their own selves in Allah's path, in the face of adversity, are at a greater level at Allah’s and those are the winners/ sucessful.
My personal note:
The Aya gives the formula of who is closer to Allah and those who are closer to Allah are also the winners.
Translation of the transliterated words:
Allatheena: those who
Amanoo: made themselves safe/ caused safety/ caused trust/ are faithfull
Note: the root is Hamza-M-N and it means safe or safety. AMANOO is an action that is derived from the root and that is completed. It means: the action of making the object (not mentioned and therefore the subject and the object can be the same entity here) become safe happened by the subject (third person plural). So, it ends up meaning: they made themselves safe but it can also extend to making safety and trust situation for others as well.
Wahajaroo: and migrated/ left behind/ abandoned (their old place and people).
Note: WA is a letter that links what is before with what is after. This link is through inclusion, either one is included in the other or they are all included in the bigger sentence or bigger picture. WA is often translated as an addition (and), but inclusion probably covers the meaning a little better. HAJAROO is derived from the root H-J-R and it means leaving or abandoning someone or something or some place and so forth. HAJAROO is an interactive action that is completed. It means: the action of leaving behind an undeclared object (the context suggests the place and people they were with) happened in an interactive fashion by the subject (third person plural).
wajahadoo : and exerted effort opposite resistance/ and strived against odds.
Note: WA is a letter that links what is before with what is after. This link is through inclusion, either one is included in the other or they are all included in the bigger sentence or bigger picture. WA is often translated as an addition (and), but inclusion probably covers the meaning a little better. . JAHADOO is derived from the root J-H-D and it means exerting effort. JAHADOO is the third person plural past tense of a verb that is derived from the root. This is an interactive verb and it means they exert effort opposite resistance. This is a wide meaning and one of them may include fighting. However the resistance can come in all forms including psychological and personal.
Fee: in/ on
Sabeeli: path of
Note: the root is S-B-L and it means and it means flowing water from the falling rain from the sky to the flowing water in the river and so forth. This is the concrete and the other uses are related as in path, which allows the flow, to soft flowing hair and so forth. SABEELI is the flowing water or the path of. It takes the meaning of path or even the trip on the path.
Allahi: Allah
Biamwalihim: by their money/ by their belongings
Note: BI signifies an attachment or close linkage between what is before and what is after it. In a Verbal sentence it can mean attachment to the action or to the subject as it does the action. This attachment can then signify many things according to the verb and to the sentence and so on. AMWAL is derived from the root M-W-L and it means what a person owns of gold and silver. This is used to mean anything owned or just money. AMWALI means moneys of. KUM means plural you.
waanfusihim: and their selves
Note: WA is a letter that links what is before with what is after. This link is through inclusion, either one is included in the other or they are all included in the bigger sentence or bigger picture. WA is often translated as an addition (and), but inclusion probably covers the meaning a little better. ANFUSI is derived from the root N-F-S and it means to breath but is extended to mean self since the self breathes and that defines her existance. ANFUSI is a noun that is derived from this root and it means Selves of. HIM means them.
aAAthamu: greater
Note: the root is is derived from the root Ain-THa-M or Ain-TH-M and it means great/hard/strong. The concrete word is AAaTHM and that is the bones or the hard/strong/firm core of things. aAATHAMU means greater and stronger.
Darajatan: level
Note: the root is D-R-J and it means level or stepping for the action as in stepping on the same level or up or down. DARAJATAN means level.
AAinda: at
Allahi: Allah
Waolaika: and those
Humu: they
Alfaizoona: the winners/ the successful one
Note: the root is F-W-Z and it means winning in a good fashion. ALFAIZOONA means the winners or the ones who are successful.

Salaam all and have a great day

Hussein

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