Wednesday, May 31, 2017

9:26

Salaam all,

9:26

ثُمَّ أَنَزلَ اللّهُ سَكِينَتَهُ عَلَى رَسُولِهِ وَعَلَى الْمُؤْمِنِينَ وَأَنزَلَ جُنُودًا لَّمْ تَرَوْهَا وَعذَّبَ الَّذِينَ كَفَرُواْ وَذَلِكَ جَزَاء الْكَافِرِينَ
Thumma anzala Allahu sakeenatahu AAala rasoolihi waAAala almumineena waanzala junoodan lam tarawha waAAaththaba allatheena kafaroo wathalika jazao alkafireena
The Aya says:
Then Allah brought down His soothing reassurance upon His messenger and upon the faithful, and He brought down troops you (plural) did not see and He punished the rejecters. And that is the pay back for the rejection.
My personal note:
The Aya continues the subject before it that Allah helped the believers after their initial shock by bringing down on them calmness and peace and help with unseen soldiers.

Translation of the transliterated words:


Thumma: then
anzala : brought down/ descended
Note: the root is N-Z-L and it carries the meaning of arrival to stay and descent. One concrete meaning is the descent of the person from his or her horse or camel as they arrive at the place where they plan to stay. ANZALNA is an action that is completed. It means: the action of making the object (Sakeenatahu= His calmness/ His soothness) arrive or making it descend happened by the subject (third person singular).
Allahu: Allah
Sakeenatahu: His calmness/ His soothness/ His relaxation/ His reassurance
Note: the root is S-K-N and it means Ashes which is the product of the end of the fire. The conceptual meaning has many forms and it means rest or lack of movement, but it also means the lack of energy or running out of energy as well as calm and rest and relaxation. In this context this applies to calming and soothing and reassuring feeling of safety.
AAala: upon
rasoolihi: his messenger/ His envoy
Note: RASOOLIHI is derived from the root R-S-L and it means to envoy someone or a group of people or animals. The concrete word is RASL and it means a group of people or animals that were sent by their owners or senders. RUSULUN means messengers of and is the plural of RASOOL who is the one that is sent and is used to mean the messenger because he was sent by the sender to the receiver. RASOOLI means messenger of or the envoy of. HI means him and it points to Allah.
waAAala: and upon
Almumineena: the ones who bring safety/ trust/ the faithful
Note: ALMUMINEENA is derived from the root Hamza-M-N and it means safety. Conceptually, it can also be extended to trust as well, because we feel safe in the entity we trust. ALMUMINEENA means: those who cause safety and trust to themselves and others in short the faithful.
Waanzala: and He brought down
Note: WA is a letter that links what is before with what is after. This link is through inclusion, either one is included in the other or they are all included in the bigger sentence or bigger picture. WA is often translated as an addition (and), but inclusion probably covers the meaning a little better. ANZALA is derived from the root N-Z-L and it carries the meaning of arrival to stay and descent. One concrete meaning is the descent of the person from his or her horse or camel as they arrive at the place where they plan to stay. ANZALNA is an action that is completed. It means: the action of making the object (JUNOODAN= soldiers) arrive or making it descend happened by the subject (third person singular).
Junoodan: soldiers/ reinforcements/ groups/ troops
Note: the root is J-N-D and it means army or soldiers or helpers or groups that work together for a purpose as in the army and so on. The word has the meaning of groups that work together for a common cause including fighting for it. JUNOODAN are forces or soldiers and reinforcements.
Lam: not
Tarawha: you (plural) have seen them
Note: the root is R-Hamza-Y and it means viewing or seeing. TARAWHA is an action that is being completed or will be completed. It means: the action of seeing the object (HA= them) is happening or will be happening by the subject. However because it was preceded by LAM then the full meaning of LAM TARAWHA becomes: you (plural) have not seen them.
waAAaththaba: and He punished/ and He caused suffering
Note: WA is a letter that links what is before with what is after. This link is through inclusion, either one is included in the other or they are all included in the bigger sentence or bigger picture. WA is often translated as an addition (and), but inclusion probably covers the meaning a little better. AAaTHTHABA is derived from the root Ain-TH-B and it means an easy to swallow food or drink. AAaTHAB is what makes one not take an easy to swallow food or drink. That is suffering. AAaTHTHABA is an action that is completed. It means: the action of making the object (Allatheena kafaroo= those who rejected) suffer happened by the subject (third person singular pointing to Allah)
Allatheena: those who
Kafaroo: rejected (Allah and His message)/ discarded
Note: the root is K-F-R and it means cover or bury in the ground, as in put the seed in the ground and cover it. This is then used conceptually for many purposes as in discarding and rejecting as well as burying. KAFARO is an action that is completed. It means: the action of rejection or discarding of the object (not declared, but understood from the context to point to God and/or the message) happened by the subject (third person plural).
Wathalika: and that
Jazao: compensation/ payback
Note: the root is J-Z-Y and it means compensation for action that can be good or bad. JAZAO means compensation of or payback of.
Alkafireena: the rejectors
Note: ALKAFIREEN is derived from the root K-F-R and it means cover or bury in the ground, as in put the seed in the ground and cover it. This is then used conceptually for many purposes as in discarding and rejecting as well as burying. ALKAFIREENA are the ones who reject the truth or discard it.
Salaam all and have a great day.

Hussein

1 comment:

Eaalim.com said...

thank you