This is 4:111
وَمَن يَكْسِبْ إِثْمًا فَإِنَّمَا يَكْسِبُهُ عَلَى نَفْسِهِ وَكَانَ اللّهُ عَلِيمًا حَكِيمًا
Waman yaksib ithman fainnama yaksibuhu AAala nafsihi wakana Allahu AAaleeman hakeeman
The Aya says:
And whoever acquires a sin then he indeed acquires it upon himself. And Allah happened to be knowing, wise.
My personal note:
As if this Aya reiterates the message that the person who sins is someone who is transgressing against himself of herself.
The Aya ends up reassuring us all about God’s knowledge and wisdom. This is important because it means that not only does God have the knowledge, but He will use it in the best way and most just and merciful way.
Translation of the transliterated words:
Waman: and who
Yaksib: earns/ acquires
Note: the root is K-S-B and it means earning, acquiring or collecting. YAKSIB is an action that is being completed or will be completed and that is derived from the root. It means: the action of earning or collecting is happening or will be happening by the subject (third person singular).
Ithman: sin/ injustice
Note: the root is Hamza-TH-M and it means breaking of rule or rules of justice, morality and ethics. This means error or fault with a tinge of knowing it. ITHM is the breaking of the rule of justice and morality while aware of it. It fits closely with sin when knowing that it is sin. It is also injustice.
Fainnama: so indeed what
Yaksibuhu: he earns him/ acquires him
Note: the root is K-S-B and it means earning, acquiring or collecting. YAKSIBUHU is an action that is being completed or will be completed and that is derived from the root. It means: the action of earning or collecting the object (HU= HIM and it points to the sin) is happening or will be happening by the subject (third person singular).
Note: NAFSIN is derived from the root N-F-S and it means to breath. This is the concept and then it can extend to self or anything that breathes. NAFSI means self of. HI means him.
Wakana: and happened to be
Note: WA is a letter that links what is before with what is after. This link is through inclusion, either one is included in the other or they are all included in the bigger sentence or bigger picture. WA often corresponds with “and/ addition” but the more encompassing meaning is in inclusion one in another or all in a bigger picture or sentence. KANA is derived from the root K-W-N and it means being. KANA is an action that is completed that is derived from the root. It means: the action of being happened by the subject (third personal singular pointing to Allah). This in turn means: He was or He happened to be.
Note: the root is Ain-L-M and it means knowing/knowledge or knowledge of facts. AAaLEEM is the one that is very knowledgeable.
Hakeeman: Wise/ steering
Note: the root Ha-K-M and it means the steer that steers the animal. This word is used for ruling and judging as well as other meanings that contain steering as part of the concept. HAKEEM means wise or the steering. The steering means the entity that steers in the best way possible using the best tools of knowledge, compassion, justice and mercy, and that is wisdom.
Salaam all and have a great day.