Friday, April 03, 2009


Salaam all,

This is 4:122
وَالَّذِينَ آمَنُواْ وَعَمِلُواْ الصَّالِحَاتِ سَنُدْخِلُهُمْ جَنَّاتٍ تَجْرِي مِن تَحْتِهَا الأَنْهَارُ خَالِدِينَ فِيهَا أَبَدًا وَعْدَ اللّهِ حَقًّا وَمَنْ أَصْدَقُ مِنَ اللّهِ قِيلاً
Waallatheena amanoo waAAamiloo alssalihati sanudkhiluhum jannatin tajree min tahtiha alanharu khalideena feeha abadan waAAda Allahi haqqan waman asdaqu mina Allahi qeelan

The aya says:
While those who made themselves safe (in Allah and the message) and did the righteous deeds, we shall make them enter gardens, rivers flow underneath, staying in there forever, Allah’s promise, binding right, and who is more truthful than Allah in communicating?!

My personal note:
One thing to bring to attention is that the promise that is given here from Allah was also made as a binding right or truth. This is important and significant. Allah through His mercy and generosity, makes it binding upon himself to fulfill his promises to His people.

Translation of the transliterated words:
Waallatheena: and those who/ while those who
Amanoo: they made themselves safe
Note: the root Hamza-M-N and it means safety. Conceptually, it can also be extended to trust as well, because we feel safe in the entity we trust. AMANOO is an action that is completed. It means: the action of making oneself safe is happened by the subject (third person plural).
waAAamiloo: and did/ including did
Note: WA is a letter that links what is before with what is after. This link is through inclusion, either one is included in the other or they are all included in the bigger sentence or bigger picture. WA often corresponds with “and/ addition” but the more encompassing meaning is in inclusion one in another or all in a bigger picture or sentence. AAaMILOO is derived from the root Ain-M-L and it means doing or work. AAaMILOO is an action that is completed. It means: the action of doing or making happened by the subject (third person plural).

Alssalihati: the righteous deeds/ good deeds/ deeds of benefit
Note: ALSSALIHATI is derived from the root Sad-L-Ha and it means becoming helpful or useful in a good direction. This means mainly: becoming one of benefit as in benefiting oneself and others. Included in this meaning is becoming fixed after having been broken. ALSSALIHATI then here are the deeds of goodness/ benefit and that would be the definition of the righteous.

Sanudkhiluhum: We will make them enter
Note: SANUDKHILHUM is derived from the root D-KH-L and it means entering. SANUDKHIL is an action that will be completed. It means: the action of making the object (Hum=them) enter another object (Jannatin= gardens) is being made to happen or will be made to happen by the subject (third person plural pointing to Allah alone or Allah and those who serve under Him).
Jannatin: gardens/ paradises
Note: JANNATIN is derived from the root J-N-N and it means hidden or hiding. It is therefore used to mean darkness because it hides as well as garden because gardens can be hidden or because it has less light than the place out in the sun for the Arabs of the desert. JANNATIN means: gardens/ Hidden entities.
Tajree: She flows/ they flow
Note: the root is J-R-Y and it means flowing as in the flowing of the river or any movement that is smooth and relatively fast. TAJREE is an action that is being completed or will be completed that is derived from the root. It means: the action of flowing is happening or will be happening by the subject (ANHARU=rivers and is coming up).Min: fromTahtiha: under her/underneath herNote: the root is T-Ha-T and it means under. TAHTI means under of. HA means her and it points to the garden.Alanharu: the rivers/the running waterNote: The root is N-H-R and one of the concrete meanings of the word is running water or river. It is then used to mean running or glowing in many other meanings and contexts according to the nature of what is talked about. ALANHARU are the rivers or the running waters.
Khalideena: Staying unchanged
Note: the root is KH-L-D and it means something that stays the same. In concrete, it is used for the rocks and the mountains that seem to be unchanged through the ages. KHALIDEENA means staying unchanged.
Feeha: in her
Abadan: forever
Note: the root is Hamza-B-D and it means Ever and a very long time. ABADAN means Ever or forever. The concrete word for ABD means wild or wild beast and the relationship is that in the desert where the houses are tents, the wilderness is the thing that lasts forever, or so it seemed to the Arabs.
waAAda: promise of
Note: the root is W-Ain-D and it means promise. WaAADA means promise of.
Allahi: Allah
Haqqan: binding truth/ binding right
Note: HAQQAN is derived from the root Ha-Qaf-Qaf and it means binding right where right means correct as well s what is due to one person (rights and obligations). HAQQAN is binding right or binding truth.
Waman: and who?!
Note: in here, it carries a question and a challenge at the same time.
Asdaqu: more truthful
Note: the root is Sad-D-Qaf and it means truth in word or deed. When it is in deed, it takes the shape of charity as the act of truthfulness or that charity is considered giving what truly belongs to the ones who receive it. ASDAQU means more truthful.
Mina: of/ from/ than
Allahi: Allah
Qeelan: Saying/ communicating
Note: the root is Qaf-W-L and it means saying or communicating. QEELAN means saying or communicating.

Salaam all and have a great day.


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